Kiel Conference 2016 –Focus: High North
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Panel 1: Exploration and Shipping: Common Interests?
The High North is an area of increasing international interest, especially due to the prospects of exploiting vast natural resources. Concurrently, the receding polar ice promises the option of year-round shipping routes, thus halving the distance for transits between Asia and Europe. Exploiting these anticipated prospects creates challenges with regard to maritime security. Moreover, besides economic ambitions and commercial interests in this remote region, technical progress must be factored in as well. Panel 1 provided hands-on views on the Arctic from an ecological and economic maritime security perspective.
- Philipp Hermes, Partner, BHM Penlaw, Hamburg
- Rear Admiral (DNK N) ret. Torben Ørting Jørgensen, Senior Director and Head of Global Specialised Tonnage, Maersk Broker K/S, Copenhagen
Chairman: Dr. Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen, Barents Chair in Politics, University of Tromsø-The Arctic University of Norway
Panel 2: Seapower in the High North – Concurrent Approaches?
After more than two decades of post-Cold War NATO transformation directed at other areas of interest around the globe, the High North is being rediscovered by strategic thinkers and planners alike. Besides neighbouring NATO countries, states such as Russia and China are also showing a growing interest and consequently an increasing presence at the Northern flank of the Alliance. Easier access to Arctic waters unveils new strategic opportunities and challenges alike. Consequently, all tools of national power might need to be calibrated accordingly. Panel 2 traced the contemporary nature of seapower in the Arctic.
- Dr. Igor Sutyagin, Senior Research Fellow in Russian Studies, Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), London
- Dr. Lee Willet, Head of Naval Desk and Editor Jane's Navy International at IHS Jane's, London
- Dr. Sarah Kirchberger, Author of "Assessing China's Naval Power: Technological Innovation, Economic Constraints, and Strategic Implications", University of Hamburg
Chairman: Peter Roberts, Senior Fellow for Sea Power and Maritime Security, Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), London
Panel 3: Cooperative and Diplomatic Avenues – A Blueprint for Maritime Security Regimes?
The High North offers a unique chance to quell emerging inter-state conflicts through legal norms, political forums, diplomatic measures, and cooperative avenues. Therefore, this region could evolve into a role-model for other maritime regions and perhaps even as a blueprint for a cooperative global maritime governance. However, this assumes that the neighbouring states and other relevant players succeed in establishing a trustworthy maritime security regime and foster the rule of international law. Nonetheless, keen economic prospects in conjunction with unilateral political interests and military power might be a tempting vision to thwart a strictly consensual approach. Panel 3 investigated the sustainability of existing political and legal frame-works regarding the Arctic.
- Prof. Dr. Wolff Heintschel von Heinegg, Professor at the European University Viadrina Frankfurt/Oder
- Bruce Stubbs, Deputy Director, Strategy and Policy Division OPNAV N51B at Chief of Naval Operations, Washington, D.C.
- Dr. Kristian Åtland, Senior Research Fellow, Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI), Kjeller, Norway
Chairwoman: Dr. Stephanie Babst, Head of Strategic Analysis Capability, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Brussels
The Keynote Conversation seeked to emphasise selected aspects of the discussions of Kiel Conference 2016. It provided insights on how military leaders, academic analysts, and policymakers could address maritime security challenges in the High North. It was also designed to emphasise the universal role of the maritime domain in conflict resolution and crisis management, taking a broader global view on strategic challenges of the next decade.
- Dr. Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen, Barents Chair in Politics, University of Tromsø-The Arctic University of Norway (Chair, Panel 1)
- Peter Roberts, Senior Fellow for Sea Power and Maritime Security, Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), London (Chair, Panel 2)
- Dr. Stephanie Babst, Head of Strategic Analysis Capability, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Brussels (Chair, Panel 3)
Chairman: Prof. Dr. Joachim Krause, Conference Co-Chairman KC16 and Director, Institute for Security Policy, Kiel University (ISPK)