The Baltic Sea after NATO Enlargement and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine


NATO lake or geopolitical hotspot?”



The Baltic Sea Strategy Forum is an annual symposium convened on a rotating basis by the institutional members of the steering committee – the Swedish Defence Research Agency, the Institute for Security Policy at Kiel University and the Royal Danish Defence College – or by their partners. The symposium has a focus on strategy in the maritime domain ‘on the Baltic Sea and from the Baltic sea’ and brings together scholars and practitioners from nations around – or with an interest in – the Baltic Sea area, and aims to provide a useful platform for free, frank and innovative strategic debate.


Panel 1: The Strategic Setting

Panel 1 discusses the strategic consequences of the military and political events since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. It focuses on NATO’s enlargement with Finland and Sweden and on Russia as a potential adversary.


Topics include:

- Consequences of Swedish and Finnish NATO membership

- MARCOM perspective on the Baltic Challenge

- The Baltic Sea area as seen from NATO

- Russia as an adversary after Ukraine

- NATO's approach to critical maritime infrastructures protection


The first panel will be chaired by Dr. Sebastian Bruns, Center for Maritime Strategy & Security, Institute for Security Policy, Kiel.


Panel 2: Operational challenges

Panel 2 addresses the operational challenges facing the navies, coast guards, maritime institutions, and decisionmakers. The confined space and politically complex geography create particular challenges in the Baltic Sea that planners have to consider.


Topics include:

- Air defense and A2/AD

- Is the Baltic Sea a NATO lake?

- Societal security as a response to hybrid threats

- Naval mines and the challenge of access


The second panel will be chaired by Niklas Granholm, FOI.


Reflections from Navy Leaders

- RADM Henrik Ryberg, Chief of the Danish Navy

- RADM Ewa Skoog Haslum, Chief of the Swedish navy

- Dr. Patricia Schneider, Political Advisor to the Chief of German Navy

Contact person:

Speakers and panelists

Dr. Sebastian Bruns
Dr. Sebastian Bruns Institute for Security Policy at Kiel University
Dr. Matti Pesu
Dr. Matti Pesu Finnish Institute of International Affairs
Dr. James Bergeron
Dr. James Bergeron Political advisor to the commander at NATO MARCOM
Cdr. Anders Puck Nielsen
Cdr. Anders Puck Nielsen Military analyst at RDDC
Dr. Christian Bueger
Dr. Christian Bueger Professor at University of Copenhagen
Arda Karakaya
Arda Karakaya NATO HQ
Niklas Granholm
Niklas Granholm FOI
Andreas Hörnedal
Andreas Hörnedal Deputy Research Director at FOI
Julian Pawlak
Julian Pawlak University of the German Armed Forces, Hamburg (Hamburg, GER)
Dr. Rasmus Dahlberg
Dr. Rasmus Dahlberg Head of Center for Societal Security at RDDC
Cdr. Ott Laanemets
Cdr. Ott Laanemets Estonian Navy, fmr. commander of NATO SNMCMG1
Cdr. Göran Swistek
Cdr. Göran Swistek German Institute for International and Security Affairs
RADM Henrik Ryberg
RADM Henrik Ryberg Chief of the Danish Navy
RADM Ewa Skoog Haslum
RADM Ewa Skoog Haslum Chief of the Swedish Navy
Dr. habil. Patricia Schneider
Dr. habil. Patricia Schneider Political Advisor (POLAD) Chief GER Navy